Comprehensive CBD Glossary: CBD Terms You Need to Know

Maybe you found out about CBD recently, and you plan to include it in your daily routine, but there is certain lingo you are not familiar with. In this post, we show the meaning of common CBD terms.

Additive: an ingredient put in CBD products to improve taste, aroma, or preserve it.

Aeroponics: a system of growing hemp plants by using air instead of soil. The plants are secured in foam and nurtured with light and nutrient-dense mist.

Bioaccumulation: the process by which a hemp plant absorbs toxic compounds from the soil and pesticides.

Bioavailability: the quantity of CBD that enters the bloodstream and gets transported to the brain. A high bioavailability causes rapid effects onset.

Biphasic effects: occurs when CBD causes someone to exhibit dissimilar behaviors as the dose increases.

CBD black market: the illegal extraction and sale of CBD, usually in jurisdictions where CBD isn’t legal yet.

Broad-spectrum: a CBD product lacking some of the naturally occurring cannabinoids in the hemp plant.

C02 Supercritical Extraction: one of the most efficient methods of extracting CBD oil. It involves channeling high-pressure and low-temperature carbon dioxide into industrial hemp to release CBD oil. This extraction method is favored by most top CBD companies because it can be automated, produces a high yield, and allows recycling of carbon dioxide. The system can be expensive to acquire, though.

Cannabidiol (CBD): one of the non-psychoactive cannabinoids found in the hemp plant.

Cannabidiolic acid: this acid is found in the hemp plant and has to undergo decarboxylation to become CBD.

Cannabigerol: one of the naturally occurring chemical compounds in the cannabis plant and a non-acidic form of cannabigerolic acid.

Cannabinol (CBD): another cannabis compound commonly used as a sleep aid or sedative, and also for relieving pain and inflammation.

Carrier oil: they are typically vegetable oils like coconut and avocado oil, and are essential in certain methods of extracting CBD oil.

CB1 receptors: cannabinoid receptors distributed across the body but mainly found in the central nervous system.

CB2 receptors: cannabinoid receptors mainly found in the peripheral organs and are particularly useful in regulating inflammation.

Chlorophyll: the phytochemicals in hemp plants that give CBD oils their distinctive green color.

Concentrate: a highly pure CBD product that has undergone various processes to have other cannabinoids stripped off.

Dabbing: refers to flash vaporizing dabs and inhaling them typically with a dab rig.

Dabs: highly potent CBD concentrates typically extracted with solvents like butane.

Decarboxylation: the process of removing carboxyl from CBD, typically through heating. It is a critical process when preparing most CBD products.

Edibles: refers to eatables, e.g. cakes, gummies, and chocolates that contain CBD oil.

CBD capsules: a form of oral CBD ingestion that involves swallowing capsules typically made of gelatin and that contain CBD.

CBD dispensary: a place where CBD users can get accurate information and buy different CBD products.

CBD dose: the quantity of CBD that would suit your needs best, and this quantity depends on your age, health status, and CBD concentration.

CBD drinks: CBD infused drinks, particularly energy drinks.

Certificate of Analysis: a formal document that acts as proof that a CBD product has been verified that it contains ingredients in the label and doesn’t contain any dangerous chemicals.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS): discovered by scientists in the 90s, the endocannabinoid system is present in all organisms with a spinal column, and plays a homeostatic role by controlling various body processes including metabolism, sleep, memory, mood, inflammation, and appetite.

Endocannabinoids: compounds produced by the body that can bind against cannabinoid receptors to regulate various body processes.

Entourage effect: takes place when the phytochemicals of a hemp plant work synergistically to scale up CBD benefits.

Epidiolex: the only cannabinoid-based product approved by the FDA for treating certain forms of epilepsy.

Farm Bill: passed by the US Congress in 2018, this bill decriminalized the extraction and sale of hemp-derived CBD, and farmers can now take their licenses to start growing hemp.

FDA: the federal agency that regulates production and sale of CBD products. The agency has decreed that CBD products must not be marketed as a replacement for medicine.

Tincture: refers to highly concentrated CBD suspended in solvents, typically alcohol, and effective in pain and anxiety relief.

Topical CBD ingestion: refers to the application of CBD infused creams or ointments into the skin.

Transdermal patches: refers to CBD infused patches that are stuck to the skin so that CBD is absorbed via the skin and enters the bloodstream.

Flavonoids: metabolites found in the hemp plant that contain antioxidant properties.

Full-spectrum: refers to a CBD product that contains all the cannabinoids and phytochemicals that occur naturally in the hemp plant.

Hemp seed oil: oil extracted from hemp seeds. It contains almost no THC.

Hemp: a strain of the cannabis plant from which CBD is produced. It contains high CBD concentration and low THC concentration, and apart from its medicinal use, the hemp plant is also used in fuel and textile industries.

Isolates: they are 99% pure CBD, and they have neither THC nor other plant compounds.

Microdosing: it involves ingesting small doses of CBD supplements throughout the day. Microdosing can help you prolong CBD effects and achieve maximum benefits.

Phytochemicals: a large profile of chemicals produced by the hemp plant for various functions, but mostly for protection against pathogens.

Potency: refers to the level of CBD concentration in a product. Highly potent products make for fast effects onset.

Psychoactive compound: a substance that influences the central nervous system to alter consciousness. For instance, marijuana has psychoactive properties, and makes one to experience euphoria, AKA, “feeling high”, but CBD has no psychoactive properties.

Vape device: an electronic device that converts CBD concentrates or liquids into a vapor that can be inhaled via the mouthpiece. Vape devices can either be disposable or reusable.

Vape juice: a liquid that is filled in the cartridge and is electronically heated into vapor so that you can inhale by using a vaping device.

Solvent: a substance used in CBD extraction and acts by dissolving the CBD from hemp flower.

Sublingual: a method of ingesting CBD products by placing them under the tongue and holding them for at least a minute.

Suppositories: the insertion of tiny CBD infused pellets into body orifices like anus and vagina.

Terpenes: naturally occurring compounds that give the hemp flower a distinctive aroma.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): the psychoactive chemical compound in the cannabis plant responsible for getting you high.

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